Price 4,228 ILS


Course Overview

The course starts with a presentation of the optical network and its components; it then describes the legacy solutions and their limitations. The OTN related protocols and hierarchy are presented, along with the advanced draft proposals . We conclude with the description of how different types of signals are carried over OTN.

Who should attend?

The seminar is built for Technical, Marketing and Business Development people of Telecom Service Providers as well as Manufacturers of OTN equipment.


Basic knowledge of telecommunications and SONET/SDH is expected from the participants.

Course Outline:

1. Introduction
• Optical networks characteristics
• Optical networks components


• Requirements and limitations

2. Legacy solutions – SONET
• SONET principles
• SONET hierarchy
• Network synchronization
• What is missing ?

3. OTN principles
• OTN layering model
• Optical layers
• Electrical layers

4. The OTN frame
• Scrambling
• OTU, ODU, OPU overheads
• TCMs
• Delay Measurement
• OTN rates
• ODUflex
• OTN Multiplexing hierarchy – HO, LO

5. Mapping procedures
• Asynchronous Mapping (AMP)
• Bit Synchronous Mapping (BMP)
• Generic Mapping (GMP)

6. Client signals mapping
• Ethernet mappings
• SAN mapping
• CPRI Mappings
• Video signals mapping7. Multiplexing
• Tributary slots
• ODTUjk
• ODTUk.ts8. Hitless Adjustment of ODUflex
• Virtual concatenation (VCAT)
• Control overhead
• Link Connection Resize (LCR) protocol
• Bandwidth Resize (BWR) protocol
• ODUflex versus VCAT9. Operation, Administration and Maintenance
• Alarms
• Performance Monitoring10. System Issues
• Timing procedures
• Multichannel parallel interfaces
• Software Interface
• Standards status11. Conclusion